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8 Common Dental Problems And How To Prevent Them


Ever wondered why some people have beautiful and perfect smiles while some others don't? The answer is in how serious they take their oral health. Media personalities and models understand the importance of an attractive smile, and so they take care of their dental health and also get treatment when necessary. 

Unfortunately, not everyone is privileged to afford some of the necessary treatment, and their oral health suffers as a result of dereliction and financial incapability. Your teeth are as vital as other parts of your body and cannot be replaced so easily. The work of chewing and grinding overtime can take a toll on our teeth if we don't take proper care of them. 

Taking care of your teeth involves brushing at least three times every day or after each meal, flossing daily, eating healthy foods and going to the dental hygienist for a regular check-up. As good as this routine is, it may not be enough to protect you from developing dental problems. That is why it is necessary for you to be informed of common dental problems, their causative factors and how to avoid them. 

Cavities/Tooth Decay

Tooth decay is a very common dental problem that affects even children and babies. It is caused by a substance from sugary and starchy foods known as plaque that settles on the teeth surface. The bacteria in your mouth feed on the sugar and starch, resulting in an eroding of the enamel of the teeth. This leads to tooth decay or the development of cavities (tiny holes in the tooth). 

Tooth decay in adults is more often caused by the intake of drinks with high sugar content, regular snacking, and smoking. Some of the common symptoms of cavities are

  • Toothache and sensitivity 
  • Sharp pains when eating sweet or cold foods or when biting.
  • Obvious holes on your tooth surface
  • Stains on your tooth

Visit your doctor immediately if you get any of these symptoms. If you do not have cavities, it is possible to avoid tooth decay. Here are a few tips. 

  • Limit intake of foods high in starch or sugar such as cakes, ice creams, sodas etc. 
  • If you do take any of these foods, ensure you brush or rinse your mouth immediately after eating to prevent the buildup of plaque. 
  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Visit your dentist regularly.

Gum Disease 

This is another common dental problem that affects many adults, and it has three stages in order of severity; gingivitis, periodontal disease and advanced periodontal disease. The symptoms of gum disease include

  • Bleeding gum: If you notice blood when you floss or brush, it is often an indication of the weakening of your gums. 
  • Bad breath: If despite keeping healthy oral hygiene, you still have bad breath, it's very likely to be gingivitis.
  • Inflammed, red or tender gums: If you notice swelling or tenderness of your gum at the base of your teeth, you need to see a dentist immediately. 
  • Loose teeth: This could be signs of serious periodontal disease and should be treated urgently. 
  • Pus development: Pus at the base of your teeth is a sign of a very serious infection. Get it treated immediately. 

Gum disease, like all others, can be avoided. Proper oral hygiene, brushing your teeth three times daily and visiting your dentist regularly can prevent you from having this dental problem.

Bad Breath

Also known as halitosis, bad breath can be quite embarrassing and is often an indicator of other dental problems like oral cancer, cavities and gum disease. Research has shown that 85% of people with mouth odour have an underlying dental problem as the causative factor. 

However, it is not in every case of bad breath that this applies. Sometimes the food you eat can cause you to have bad breath. For instance, consumption of onions, certain spices, garlic or alcohol often causes us to have bad breath. This is why it is recommended to brush or thoroughly rinse your mouth after every meal. If the mouth odour remains, you will need to visit the dentist so that, all other severe dental problems can be eliminated. 

Dry Mouth

Dry mouth is also known as xerostomia, and it refers to a situation where the salivary glands are unable to produce enough saliva to keep the inside of the mouth moist.

Saliva contains antibacterial properties that allow it to keep plaque away from the teeth surface. Less saliva means that plaque can easily buildup in the mouth and cause tooth decay. Older folks, patients on chemotherapy and certain medications are often at a high risk of experiencing dry mouth. 

Chapped lips and mouth sores are common symptoms of dry mouth. There is no particular cure for a dry mouth but staying hydrated really helps keep your mouth moist. 

Tooth Crowding

This is both an aesthetical and alignment problem that often gives rise to temporomandibular jaw disorder (TMJ) and misaligned bites. 

One of the most common treatment plans for this problem is braces. Braces help realign serious cases of teeth crowding in the mouth. In other less severe cases, an Invisalign treatment is usually the best option. It is more flexible than braces but requires a lot of discipline to maintain it. 

If you have teeth crowding, visit an orthodontist to figure out the best treatment plan for you.

Root Infection

A root infection can be quite serious and also very painful. It occurs when the roots of your tooth get infected by bacteria. The pulp tissue in your tooth is usually attacked by the bacteria, and after a while, abscess starts to form. This is usually an indicator that the infection has progressed.

A root canal procedure is often the recommended treatment to get rid of the infection. It is not a painful process because the dentist will provide anaesthesia, and you won't feel any pain, just the pressure of the tools used. 

Tooth loss

This is usually the end result of all the problems mentioned above. When you lose your tooth, there are just two options available for you: dentures and dental implant. Because we all grow old, everyone is at risk of tooth loss. 

Fortunately, technology has made it possible to restore teeth permanently with dental implants. Dental implants are strong, durable, look and function just like natural teeth. They are implanted into your jaw permanently over a series of sessions, and they are long-lasting. 

Dentures are still very much an alternative choice. They are an affordable and quicker option. 

Oral Cancer

This is the most severe and terminal dental problem. It has a high death rate because of its lack of specific symptoms. It often begins with a minute pinkish growth in the mouth that is not always noticeable. This the reason it is essential to visit your dentists regularly. Their trained eye can easily detect an anomaly, and they advise you on how to deal with it. Smokers and alcoholics are at a higher risk of oral cancer. 

Common Preventive Measures 

Basic everyday oral hygiene can go a long way in safeguarding you against many of these dental problems. Routine visits to the dentist, healthy eating, reduction of alcohol and nicotine intake and drinking plenty of water are other important steps you can take to avoid dental problems. You can search for dental hygienist near me if you are in need of a dentist closeby.

In Conclusion

Your dental health is very important and should be treated as such. Prevent dental problems by following the right steps. For further consultation and appointment booking, reach out to us at Dental Hygienist London.